Egypt: Weather Overview
With vast deserts, mountains over 2500m and long coastlines,
The months of June, July and August are generally the hottest and December to January is classed as winter, though it’s never cold in the sense that we are used to in most of Europe. The country experiences very low rainfall with any rain sticking to the winter months.
Wonderful beaches, Egypt.
Despite making up only 5.5% of
Cairo’s climate is basically hot and dry. You can find a detailed description of the city’s climate here and weather averages here. Average temperatures range from 14°C in January to 28°C in July and August. October to May is the best time to visit as it is coolest. During the summer months it can get very hot – into the high 30s and beyond. The coldest it gets is around 8°C or 9°C at night time during the winter months. In winter daytime highs are mild at around 20°C, much more pleasant for sightseeing.
Famous Egyptian pyramids in Giza.
Rainfall is extremely low – around 30mm per year – and occurs between November and March. December and January are the most precipitous months, but with an average of around 7mm you can hardly call them wet. Cairo's desert climate is seen across the
This refers to the majority of the country which makes up part of the
The vast desert has an extremely harsh climate and is inhospitable to life except around the few oases. Temperatures are searing hot in summer, sometimes up to 50°C. Winters, however, can see quite cool temperatures in the low teens, dropping much lower at night, especially in the higher elevations of the Jilf al Kabir Plateau in the west. It often gets below freezing at night and snow has been known to fall. Rainfall is very low as you would imagine but occasionally there can be heavy downpours that arrive after several years with next to no rainfall. The eastern desert receives more rainfall than the west due to its proximity to the coast. Rain is most likely in winter.
Sandstorms are one of the many perils of the desert when strong winds whip up thick tall clouds of sand. These sands can travel as high as 6km into the air and frequently deposit sand in Europe. One of the responsible winds is the hot, dry Khamaseen that blows from the south in
Egyptian Pyramid's in the sunset.
The small strip of land joins the African continent to the Middle East and is where
The popular resort of Sharm el Sheikh lies on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula on the Red Sea. It is a fantastic scuba diving destination and popular for its guaranteed sunshine. For an overview of Sharm el Sheikh’s weather look here, and for rainfall and temperature averages here. The climate is basically hot and dry. Summer is very hot with temperatures up to 40°C, but winters are much cooler averaging a pleasant 18°C with lows of 13°C and highs of 22°C. Rainfall is very low, though most likely in late winter or early spring. Heavy downpours, though infrequent, can happen and have been known to cause flash floods as the rain doesn’t soak into the hard ground.
These conditions are typical of the
Camel riding on the beach in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt.
The east coast and southern Sinai coast are famed for their great weather and world-class diving spots. The climate of Sharm el Sheikh is typical of the east coast weather; very hot and dry summers and mild winters. Temperatures generally range between 14°C and 38°C across the year with the hottest months July and August averaging in the low 30s, and the coolest, January, at 18°C. Rainfall is very low and occurs mostly in winters. Sun is guaranteed year-round but the optimum time to visit is spring and autumn when temperatures are at their best. El Gouna, Hurghada and Marsa Alam are three other very popular resorts based on
The sandy banks of the Southern coast of Egypt.