is about the size of France and
lies on the north west of the African
continent with coasts upon the Atlantic
and the Mediterranean Sea. The coastal regions
generally have a Mediterranean climate. However, as you move further inland the
conditions become more extreme and elevation plays a role in the changeable
The country is basically split into three different regions:
a narrow coastal belt which is home to a typical Mediterranean climate with
mild winters and hot summers; there is then the interior region which consists
of the Atlas Mountains and plateaus; and the southern fringe which sees the
Sahara extend to the coast and exhibits arid, desert conditions. Morocco also shares a long Eastern border with Algeria; the
conditions here are the same as those on the other side of the border. As you
move from north to south the conditions change quite dramatically; this is also
the case as you from west to east - moving inland away from the coast.
Northern Morocco- Mediterranean Coast
In the very north of Morocco
along the Mediterranean coast (in very close proximity to the Iberian
Peninsula/Spain) the weather is Mediterranean.
The towns of Tangiers
and Tetouan are perfect examples of this, each seeing long enjoyable
summers that begin in mid May and continue right through until the end of
September, and shorter winters in which the region sees most of its annual
Tetouan lies 60km east of Tangier and sits at the foot of
the Rif Mountains in the midst of an orchard
belt. Most people will tell you that Tetouan is more picturesque than Tangier, but
both towns have a favourable climates. The enormous Rif
mountains lies towering behind Tetouan which makes for many stunning views.
The beaches in this region, while warmer, have a tendency to
be slightly dirty.
In this area summer averages sit in the mid 20’s, with daily
highs reaching into the high 20’s. Spring and autumn both see daily averages in
the low to mid 20s, and the daily minimums
rarely fall below 10°C. Winter time sees enjoyable daily highs of 16°C to 17°C
- though keep in mind that autumn and winter are when the rainfall picks up.
See here for the
annual weather averages for Tangier, which are almost identical to the
conditions in Tetouan.
Once you hit the Atlantic coast on the west, the weather is
tempered by the waters of the Atlantic - more
specifically the Canary
Current which brings cold waters into the area. O the northwest
coast the conditions are still Mediterranean, though the colder waters do have
a moderating affect on the climate; it is cooler, wetter and windier. In the
summer this is often considered preferable to the scorching heat on the north
North-western Morocco lies in the path of the Atlantic depressions,
which means that in the winter time it is not uncommon to experience several
days of very heavy rainfall. However, this is a desert country and rainfall is
never particularly high. In fact it is very low and falls in very short
showers. You are more likely to experience a sandstorm than a rainstorm.
Moving further south down the West coast you will hit Morocco’s capital city of Rabat, and further
to the south is Morocco’s
larger and more economically significant city of Casablanca. Rabat sits on the Atlantic Ocean and sees pleasurable weather year round.
June and September each see daily averages of
20°C and 22°C respectively; July and August (the warmest months) see a daily
average temperature fom 23°C. Summers do get hot, average highs of 26°C to 27°C,
though the cooling winds off the Atlantic Ocean
blow in the evenings bringing temperatures down to an enjoyable 15°C to 16°C.
Winters in Rabat and Casablanca are much
more enjoyable than the UK
in the winter months. With temperatures very rarely falling below 8°C, and
daily highs of about 17°C to 18°C, this region is a great winter escape. Spring and autumn each see highs of about 20°C
for average conditions in Rabat.
The Atlantic coast has much colder waters than the northern
coast. And as you move further south down the western coast of morocco you will
find that the waters become much rougher - a result of the Atlantic
depressions. So you may be fighting with the waves at times. Ignoring the
choppy waters, the beaches here are much cleaner than on the Mediterranean
South-Western Morocco - The Sahara Border
Moving further south the weather starts to warm up a lot as
you move toward the Sahara desert and toward the nation of Western
Sahara. The climate in this region can exhibit bizarre patterns at times as
the hot air off the desert hits the cold air of the Atlantic.
As a result there can often be mist and fog along the coast.
is a resort town that lies in the middle of the Moroccan Atlantic coast.
Here the average temperatures are in the 20’s all year round, making it a very
popular tourist destination. The town was once previously destroyed entirely by
a severe earthquake; it was rebuilt about 3km south of the original spot. You
won’t find any ancient architecture here; most of the buildings are modern and
there a lot of resorts and hotels, making it feel like a purpose-built resort
town. It still has beautiful beaches.
See here for
an overall guide on Agadir.
Once you reach further south the conditions are much more
arid and desert-like, particularly when you reach the very south desert town of
Tan Tan. Here
the Sahara enters Morocco
and reaches right to the ocean. Temperatures here are hot year round, only slightly
cooled by the Atlantic sea breezes.
As previously mentioned
conditions can get quite harsh once you reach the interior of the country. In
the Moroccan Sahara, as you move away from the coast, temperatures reach real
extremes. In the summer it is very common for daytime temperatures to hit the
high 30’s or mid 40’s while nights are still hot around 20°C. In the winter
daytime highs are mild in the high teens, though it can get into the mid 20s,
and night times can see temperatures below freezing.
interior. In the winter the average temperature is a very enjoyable 21°C, while
in summer the average high temperature
is a blistering 38°C. Marrakech is a great place to visit outside of the
summer months but between June and September you may find it too hot.
Marrakech is home to one of the wackiest central squares
in the country - in this square you will find performers putting on crazy
street acts and endless food stalls. It is typically Moroccan and well worth a visit.
If visiting Morocco’s
north, any time of the year is good. If visiting Morocco’s
interior or the Sahara region then try to
avoid the summer months unless you feel you can tolerate the 40+ scorching
heat! Also, if you are a woman, wear conservative clothing (light cottons in
the summer), covering your arms, legs, and even hair in more conservative areas
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