has a typical Mediterranean climate of hot, dry summers and mild, rainy
winters. Izmir, once known as Smyrna,
sits on Turkey’s
west coast on a narrow gulf that meets the Aegean Sea.
Summer, from May
till October, sees the average high temperature
rise from 25°C to a peak of 32°C in July and August
before getting back down to 23°C in October. At the beginning and end of the
season night times can be a bit chilly while just either side of the peak
months they are pleasantly mild. In the middle of the season the average low
temperature stays up at 20°C. The peak months of summer can be too hot; the
record high is 46°C. Sitting in the inland curve of the small gulf of water, with
mountains to the north and south, Izmir
is protected from cooling winds which are somewhat missed in the summer months.
Rainfall levels are incredibly low throughout the season and
a drought sometimes develops between June and August. Sunshine
levels are phenomenal, reaching a peak of fourteen hours per day in July.
temperature peaks in July and August at 23°C.
Autumn, in November,
sees a rapid transition in weather conditions. The average high temperature
drops to 18°C and the average low to 10°C. While the beginning of the month
still sees 20°C days, the end of the month can see days in the low teens.
Rainfall doubles and a few heavy showers can be seen towards the end of the
month. Sunshine levels drop and the water temperature gets to 18°C.
Winter, from December
till February, is cool and wet. The average high temperature drops to 13°C at
the beginning and end of the season and dips to 11°C in January. The average
low wavers around 5°C. It can get down to freezing at night but snow and frost
are rare. Rainfall
peaks at the start but remains quite high throughout winter, falling in
frequent showers. However, there are still five hours of sun per day on
average. This is a very changeable season and on clear days the temperature can
suddenly get up into the mid teens while on grey days it can feel very cold.
Spring, in March
and April, again sees a very quick change. The average high temperature climbs
to a mild 16°C in March and a very warm 20°C in April. Night time temperatures
remain cool. Rainfall lessens in March then gets down to moderate levels in April. The sun
stays for longer and longer but the sea stays quite cool.