Top Locations in Venezuela
Venezuela Weather Overview
Venezuela, sitting just above the equator in South America, has a diverse range of climates. While the whole country is within the tropical climate zone, great topographical variation dictates great regional variation in climate, largely based on elevation. Generally it is very hot but while you will find lush rainforest and sun drenched beach fronts, Venezuela also has snow-capped mountains. The country has a wet season from May till November and a dry season from December till April, but the length and intensity of the wet season varies with location. Southerly regions generally receive much higher levels of rain than the more northerly regions.
Venezuela’s north border is with the Caribbean Sea and it has a number of islands just off the coast. The Carribean Islands, including Isla Margarita and the Los Roques archipelago, and coastal regions of Venezuela enjoy an arid tropical climate. High temperatures and high humidity exist year round. Rainfall provides some seasonal variation, but not a great deal. The rainy season does not see a dramatic increase in rain. Storms increase in frequency but are very short. The temperature stays around 30°C year round, with sticky night time lows in the mid 20s. The area is just south of the hurricane belt and does not receive direct hits, though can experience severe storms when one of these tropical cyclones passes nearby. Northeast trade winds help to temper the heat a little, but nothing can really make 30°C heat and high humidity easy to acclimatise to. The wind direction means that northeast facing areas and regions receive more rain than southwest areas. The region receives much less rain than might be expected for a tropical region; nearby Aruba and St Lucia are much wetter. This is due to the long mountainous terrain stretching along Venezuela’s coastline which attracts and blocks humid air, depriving northerly regions of precipitation.
Further inland the elevation increases and a tropical savannah climate prevails. This covers the northern portion of the country, save for its coastal regions and mountains above 2000 metres. Temperatures are cooler than on the coast and vary very little from season to season; Caracas, the capital, sees an average high of 27°C in its hottest month and an average low of 25°C in its coolest. Valleys, such as the one in which Caracas sits, are often foggy in winter months and can sometimes see night time lows below 10°C, though this is considered rather peculiar. The wet season in this region is more intense with heavy storms that can cause floods, and the dry season is drier. Again, northeast areas receive higher rainfall due to the direction of the trade winds. While the region is further inland and might expect larger temperature variations from season to season, Venezuela’s near equatorial position allows for very little seasonal variation in temperature.
rainforest hugs the south
Guiana Highlands in the southeast of the country are part of the Guiana
Shield, a low mountain and plateau region that also covers east Colombia,
and French Guiana. The area has elevations from 1000 - 3000
metres and receives a tropical highland climate typified by high humidity and
high temperatures. This is the home of
lower regions of the
- Capital: Caracas
- Area: 912,050km2
- Population: 26,414,000
- Currency: Bolivar (VEB)