Eastern Africa Weather Overview
beaches to mountains to vast plains, the region has a huge range of terrains
and climates, as well as some of the world’s rarest wildlife. The two tallest
mountains in Africa,
in the region varies a lot more. It is highest in the mountains and lowest in
the north. Rainfall increases as you head south. As much of the wet weather
comes from the west, the mountain ranges in
are two short rainy seasons in
in the region is also affected by El Niño, and in years when this
weather phenomenon prevails,
has a hot and dry strip along the
Djibouti sees a similar climate, though it doesn’t have any highlands. The country is mainly dry stony desert. Rainfall is low, averaging less than 130mm, and temperatures are high; daytime highs average over 35°C during the hottest period between October and April.
located on the horn of Africa and has coasts on the
Gulf of Aden as well as the
Temperatures typically range from 20°C at their lowest to 40°C on hot sunny days, of which there are plenty. The northern highlands can see greater temperature extremes however; it can be above 40°C in July, and drop below freezing in December. July to September is the hottest time of year and December to February the coolest.
Weather in Somalia is predominantly hot and dry and drought is a common problem each year. Life struggles in the harsh and arid climate. As there is a large nomadic population, weather (predominantly the rain) is central to much of Somalian life.
Kenya’s climate is essentially tropical. This means it enjoys much higher rainfall and doesn’t suffer from the arid conditions of the countries further north. The north and northeast regions are an exception, however, and are mainly very dry and desert-like.
Temperatures vary with elevation;
Rainfall varies a lot across the country,
from around 500mm in the dry north to more than 1200mm in
There are two rainy seasons, one lasting from April to June and the other from October and December. Rainfall is very low at all other times of the year. The rains typically fall in short heavy bursts in the late afternoon and evening.
You can find three main climates in
In the north there are two rainy seasons,
The islands off the coast, such as Zanzibar, receive a tropical climate. The hot temperatures are relieved by cooling seas breezes. The rain falls in two seasons, though April and May sees the heaviest of the rainfall.
The popular holiday islands of the Seychelles
are located in the Indian Ocean off
As they are located close to the equator, the
The seasons are dictated by the monsoons. The wet season is between November and April when the northwest monsoon winds bring heavy rain. The southeast monsoon winds prevail between May and October and bring the driest weather of the year, though it can be very windy at this time. January is on average the wettest month with some islands seeing 400mm. Almost half of the annual rainfall (around 2200mm) falls between December and February.