is a peninsula in southern Greece, as well as
one of the 17 regions (administrative
divisions) of the country. The Peloponnese
Region covers most of the peninsula, but the northwestern part of the
peninsula falls under the control of the West Greece region, while a very tiny
portion in the east is part of the region of Attica.
Peloponnese is a popular tourist destination, both for its warm
Mediterranean climate and lovely beaches, and for its immense historical
importance, as the Peloponnese was one of the
few places where Western Culture began to develop and flourish. This history is
evident in the peninsula’s architecture, ruins, and culture.
Most of the
Peloponnese enjoys a warm, mild Mediterranean climate. The only exception is the
more highly elevated cities, such as Tripoli, whose elevation
alters their climate to a transitional Mediterranean/continental climate, making
their winters a bit colder than the rest of the region. In general however, most
of the region enjoys lovely weather, usually reaching averages of 30C
in summer and about 13C in winter. The winter is also the rainiest
season in the Peloponnese, with the
summers being very dry. The spring and summer are the busiest seasons in terms
of tourism, with many visitors coming to enjoy the beaches and seaside
In April, the Peloponnese experiences 13
hours of sunlight and the sea temperature around most of the peninsula is
about 16C. In Kalamata,
a port city in the south-western area of the Peloponnese,
the average temperature is about 14.5C, with highs and lows of 19C and 10C,
respectively. In Patras,
on the northern tip of the peninsula, the mean temperature is 15.8C, the high
is 20C, and the low is 10.5C. Tripoli,
which sits in the middle of the peninsula at an altitude of approximately 650
metres, is a bit cooler, with a mean temperature of 11.8C, highs of 17.4C, and
lows of 4.8C. As a whole, the peninsula receives an average amount of 45 to 50
mm in April.
May sees a decline in precipitation and an increase in temperature.
Patras sees about three days of rain, Kalamata has four, and the mountains
capture a little more moisture, giving that city five to six days of rain in
May. The average wind speed is approximately 15 kilometres per hour. The mean
temperature in Patras in May is 20.3C, with highs and lows of 24.4C and 14C,
the mean temperature is 22.2C, with a high of 28.2C and a low of 11.6C. In
Kalamata, it is a bit warmer, with a mean temperature of 23.5C, a high of
29.5C, and a low of 17C. By the time of summer solstice, the Peloponnese
receives 15 hours of daylight. The average sea temperature rises considerably,
In Patras, the mean temperature for July is 26.4C, with highs of 29.5C,
and lows of 19.5C. Tripoli’s
more fluctuating climate brings its daily highs to a level that’s a bit higher
than most of the peninsula, largely due to its lack of a sea breeze. Tripoli has a mean
temperature of 24.5C, a high of 30.4C, and a low of 14C. The sea temperature
inches up to 24C. Often all of July will pass without Patras seeing a rainy day;
usually has one or two.
August brings with it a moderate amount of humidity. The sea temperature
increases to 25C, and the average wind speed is around 18.5 kilometres per
hour, which makes August the joint windiest month with July. In Kalamata, the
mean temperature is 25C, with highs and lows of 31C and 19C, respectively.
There are 13 to 14 hours of daily sunlight, decreasing incrementally as August
The summer drought in Patras routinely comes to an end in September, with
one or two days of rain. Kalamata and Tripoli
each get two to three rainy days in this month. Tripoli’s temperatures once again drop below
their counterparts’ across the board, with a mean of 19.7C, a high of 26.4C,
and a low of 11C. As the autumnal equinox occurs, the Peloponnese
receives about 12 hours of sunlight a day.
In October, the modest amount of humidity that had lingered throughout
the summer disappears to imperceptible levels. The mean temperature for Patras
is 19C, with a low of 14C, and a high of 23.5C. The average temperatures in
Kalamata are essentially the same for October.
November is often the least windy month in the Peloponnese,
with an average wind speed of about 5.5 kilometres per hour. The mean
temperature in Tripoli
is 9.4C, with lows and highs of 4.4C and 14.8C, respectively. It can rain on as
many as eleven days throughout the Peloponnese
in November. Kalamata is significantly warmer, with a mean temperature of 16C,
and lows and highs of 11C and 20C, respectively.
is the rainiest month, with about 150 mm of precipitation falling over the Peloponnese, with Kalamata generally having the most
rainy days, about fourteen. The mean temperature in Patras is 11.4C, the low is
7.7C, and the high is 15.6. Kalamata is the same, but Tripoli is, again, cooler, with a mean
temperature of 6.2C, a low of 2.2C, and a high of 10.7C. By the winter
solstice, the Peloponnese sees 10 hours of
sunlight a day. The average sea temperature falls to 17C.
January is the coldest month in the Peloponnese.
Patras has a mean temperature of 10C, a low of 6C, and a high of 14C, and
Kalamata is essentially the same. Tripoli,
on the other hand, is downright cool, with a mean temperature of 5C, with a
high of 9.6C and a low of just above freezing, at 0.6C. The level of
precipitation decreases a bit, but the number of rainy days is about the same
for each city.
February has the coldest average sea temperature, at 15C. The mean
temperature for Kalamata is 11.5C, with highs of 15C and lows of 7C, with about
twelve days of rain.
March in Patras brings with it a mean temperature of 12.6C, a high of
15C, and a low of 8C. Most of the region receives eight to ten days of rain and
about 12 hours of daily sunlight. The sea temperature is about 15.5C.